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Just Transitions for the Coal Industry: Building a Framework from International Best Practices

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Abstract: Growing demands to stop burning fossil fuels, and particularly coal, threaten the livelihoods of coal sector workers and coal-reliant communities. Well-executed transitions—just transitions—will be necessary to ensure economic and social stability in coal-dependent regions while transitioning to more sustainable energy systems. Based on lessons from a review of more than 300 existing policies, this working paper presents a Just Transition Framework that includes three policy transition areas and the policy strategies, tools, and stakeholders that support them.

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